Itanagar is the capital of the North-Eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. The name Itanagar is taken from the historic Ita Fort which was built during the 14th century. Ita in many Indian languages means the brick and the Ita fort is made of irregularly shaped bricks.
Itanagar is situated in the southwestern part of Arunachal Pradesh. It is the centre of economic, political and administrative activity of the state.
One can reach Itanagar by taking a flight to Lilabari in Assam. From Lilabari it takes around 2.5 hours to reach Itanagar which is about 69 kilometres. A Greenfield airport named Itanagar airport is expected to be constructed in future for which foundation stone has been laid in 2019.
Harmuti is the nearest railway station which is about 48 kilometres and takes around 2 hours to reach.
Ita Fort – The Ita Fort or ‘The Fort Of Bricks’ which was built around the 14th century by the Chutiya dynasty. This place is a historical masterpiece and a must-visit for tourists.
Ganga Lake – Ganga Lake is also known as Geker Sinying which is located about 6 kilometres from the town. This pristine lake attracts tourist as well as the local people due to its surroundings by green mountains. It is also a perfect place for photographers.
Gompa Buddhist Temple – This Tibetan style temple is very famous in Arunachal Pradesh. It has its own uniqueness due to its stupa and yellow roof. It is one of the main sacred places in the town as Dalai Lama himself inaugurated and it was established in the year 1986.
Jawaharlal Nehru Museum – This is a well-known tourist spot which gives us the idea about the tribal culture of the state. It was established in the 1980s. This place gives you an idea of the history of the state and can witness a different collection of musical instruments, handicrafts, weapons and many more.
Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary – Just 4.3 kilometres from town, a great place to see different species of birds and wild animals is also a major tourist’s attraction.
Craft centre and Emporium – It is famous for its paintings, bamboo and cane work, traditional costumes and many more. Tourists get the opportunity to understand the rich culture of the state.
Local People and Culture
The town Itanagar occupies of many tribes such as Tagin, Adi and Nyishi. The majority are the Nyishi residing here. The town is historically rich and has its own culture. Religion followed over here is a mixture of Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism and Doyni Polism and they majorly speak Tani language. Rice is the main staple food along with vegetables, fish, meat and maize. Thupkas and Momos are also very famous in this region. Agriculture is the main source of income along with tourism, handicraft, handloom and weaving. The agricultural festival which is held over here is known as Dree. The festival of harvest is called Solung. Monpas is another festival celebrated as New Year and Nyokum is celebrated by the Nyishi tribe. All these festival defines the culture of this region.
Flora and Fauna
This region is quite rich in its flora. Different species of bamboos and trees are found here. Mushroom, ginger and medicinal plants are also a part of the flora.
As far as the fauna is concerned wild animals such as Panthers, Tigers, Elephants, Sambar and Barking Deer are found here. Birds mainly consist of Hornbills.