Meghalaya literally means “the abode of the cloud”. The vast clouds that originate from the Bay of Bengal, cross the heated plains of Bangladesh and enter India at Meghalaya. Suddenly the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills of the Shillong Plateau cool the cloud resulting in rainfall. Meghalaya is the home of the cloud and one of the wettest places on earth with an average rainfall of about 12000 mm in some areas.
The state of Meghalaya is part of the famous 7 sisters of North East. It is bounded by the state of Assam on its North and East and by Bangladesh on its South and West. The state is divided into three major areas. The Garo hills form the western part of the state and are further divided into 5 districts. The Khasi hills, forming the central part of the state are divided into 4 districts and the Jaintia hills on the eastern side constitute two more districts.
The state capital Shillong is situated in East Khasi hills not far from the Assam border. Although the state has 11 districts, most tourism activity is limited to the East Khasi district and to the neighbouring West Jaintia Hill district area. The remaining 9 districts, although have equal tourism potential, are yet to be featured majorly in the tourism calendar.
The capital Shillong is the hub of tourism activity in the state. Shillong is touted to be the "Scotland of the East". In the nearby area, one can visit tourist destinations such as Cherrapunji – Mawsynaram – Dawki – Jowai and other places all of these places are within a 2 to 4 hours drive from Shillong.
Most of the about three and a half million local population are aborigines of the land, there is proof of human habitation of the state since the Neolithic age. Khasi, Garo and Jaintia people constitute about 83% of the population. Bengali, Nepali and some other smaller tribes constitute the rest of the population. 75% of people are Christian here and English is the official language.
The only rail station in the state is at Mendipathar on the Meghalaya-Assam border. For all practical purposes, the Guwahati rail station acts as the hub for all movement to Meghalaya. The Guwahati airport is also the major airport connecting the rest of the country with Meghalaya. There is an airport near Shillong with few flight connections. But Guwahati airport is much larger and much better connected. Guwahati is about 105 km from the capital Shillong.
Shillong The Scotland of the East Just as you expect to see yet another beautiful hillock at one of the many bends of the G-S road (Guwahati - Shillong), the road suddenly opens up to the bridge across the magnificent Umiam lake aka Barapani ... [+]
Jowai, Meghalaya Located at an altitude of 1380 meter, Jowai is a small town and the district headquarter of the West Jaintia hill district of Meghalaya. The town and its surrounding area have been included on the tourism map only recently. ... [+]
Cherrapunjee Cherrapunjee is a hill station in the North East Indian state of Meghalaya. Located at an altitude of 1430 meters, Cherrapunjee is famous for having very high rainfall. The nearby village of Mawsynram (Arial distance of about 15 ... [+]
Mawsynram Mawsynram is a small village perched in the East Khasi Hills District of the state of Meghalaya in the North-Eastern part of India. Situated at the backdrop of the beautiful Khasi Hills, this extremely scenic village is a nature lover's ... [+]
Tura Tura is a small town in Western Meghalaya. Tourism in North East India is at its nascent stage and most tours to Meghalaya are confined to Shillong and its surrounding area. Whereas Shillong is located to the East of the state, Tura is ... [+]
Dawki - The Mirror of Nature Dawki is a picturesque small town of Meghalaya, situated in north-eastern India. Dawki is located in the west Jaintia Hill district. The place is also referred to often as – Duki, Dauki, and Dawki. It is not ... [+]
Jaintia Hills Jaintia Hills is the easternmost part of the state of Meghalaya. The mountainous region derives its name from the Jaintia Kingdom and the local Pnar people who are also known as the Jaintias. The area is divided into two districts ... [+]
Garo Hills The eastern part of Meghalaya is known as the Garo Hills. The hilly tracts of Meghalaya are known as the Shillong Plateau and are divided into three parts, the Jaintia hills on the east, the Khasi hills in the centre and the Garo ... [+]
Umiam lake This is a large water body located beside the Guwahati Shillong main highway. Umiam is the village lying northeast of the lake. This is one of the biggest and most beautiful lakes in Northeast India, located at an altitude of 1520 ... [+]