Dhemaji is the name of a town as well as a district in Assam. Dhemaji is located in the North Eastern corner of Assam in an area that is one of the remotest in the country. The Lilabari airport at North Lakhimpur is 66 km from Dhemaji town, the airport offers daily flights to Guwahati. The local rail station at Dhemaji town is named Murkong Selek rail station. This is a meter gauge track connected to Rangiya Junction. Rangiya Junction has broad gauge trains connected to the rest of the country. National Highway 52 passes through Dhemaji District. From Guwahati, Dhemaji is 428 km and about 10 hours drive away.
The district of Dhemaji is spread over 3237 sq. Km and lies at an elevation of about 104 mt. River Brahmaputra passes through the south and east of Dhemaji, and the state of Arunachal Pradesh is to its North. Dhemaji is a highly flood-prone area.
Dhemaji is well known for its academic environment. The Nalanipam L.P. School is the oldest primary school, established in 1885. Dhemaji Higher Secondary School and Dhemaji Girls Higher Secondary School are pioneer educational schools at Dhemaji. St Francis De Sales School is a pioneer school providing education in the English medium. There are several major colleges in the area. The population comprises Assamese-speaking people such as the Chutia, Ahoms, Sonowal, Kacharis, Koches, Kalitas, Kaibartas and other tribes like Mishings and Deoris. The major languages spoken in this district are Assamese, Bengali & Hindi.
It is believed that in 1240 A.D.; (approx). The first King of Ahom reign Chow Chukafa established his capital at a place named Haboong in the district of Dhemaji. Due to perennial floods in the area, the King shifted the capital from Haboong and after that, the area became under the rule of Chutias till 1523 A.D when the Ahom King Chuhung - Moong attacked and killed the Chutia king Natipal and the area came under the kingdom of Ahoms.
What to See
Gerukamukh – At Gerukamukh Sobansiri, the largest tributary of Brahmaputra touches the plains from the hills. The place is 44 Km from Dhemaji and is known for exquisite natural beauty. Angling is a common sport here. There is a major Hydro Electric Power project at Gerukamukh.
Bordoibum Beelmukh Bird Sanctuary – Bordoibum Beelmukh Bird Sanctuary has situated 17 km from Dhemaji. This is an excellent place for bird watchers both amateur as well as professional. The sanctuary is home to a large variety of avifauna including the adjutant storks and fishing eagles.
Malini Than – At a distance of 42 km northeast of Dhemaji is the location of Malini Than. The place is of religious significance as people congregate here to worship Goddess Malini. There are a number of historical monuments around this place.
Ghuguha Dol –17 km away southwest of Dhemaji is the place where the son of then Ahom King Tyao Khamti, Bamuni Konwar was born. The Dol (Temple) was built in memory of Bamuni Konwar's mother.
Maa Manipuri Than – This Than (place of worship) is located 25 km southwest. Established by Ahom King Gourinath Singha as a monument of help by the Manipuries in controlling Mua-Mariah renaissance during the later period of Ahom reign.